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国土资源遥感  2016, Vol. 28 Issue (1): 101-106    DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.01.15
  技术应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
近40年椒江-台州湾滩涂围垦土地利用变化的遥感调查
张登荣1,2, 许思莹1,2, 谢斌1,2, 吴文渊1,2, 路海峰1,2
1. 杭州师范大学遥感与地球科学研究院, 杭州 311121;
2. 浙江省城市湿地与区域变化研究重点实验室, 杭州 311121
Land use change of reclaimed mud flats in Jiaojiang-Taizhou Estuary in the past 40 years based on remote sensing technology
ZHANG Dengrong1,2, XU Siying1,2, XIE Bin1,2, WU Wenyuan1,2, LU Haifeng1,2
1. Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences Research Institute, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China;
2. Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Urban Wetlands and Regional Change, Hangzhou 311121, China
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摘要 

利用1971年和1981年2版次地形图数据以及1981年、1990年、2001年和2011年4期遥感影像数据对近40 a来椒江-台州湾的滩涂围垦土地利用变化进行了调查。依据上述资料,利用GIS空间分析功能,获得了5期滩涂围垦土地利用现状及各期次之间的滩涂围垦土地利用变化转移矩阵。调查结果表明,近40 a来,椒江-台州湾滩涂围垦总体上呈增加趋势,土地利用变化的类型逐渐增多。1971-1990年间滩涂围垦土地利用类型多为耕地、养殖场和围垦用地; 1990年以后,滩涂处于围垦开发利用热潮,光滩及围垦用地等多向耕地、居住用地、港口码头及养殖场等类型转化,而原本耕地及养殖场用地则多转化为居住用地。2001-2011年间,有80.77%的滩涂转化为围垦用地,光滩面积减少程度大,椒江-台州湾滩涂围垦扩张速度达到各时期最大值。

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关键词 网格GIS地质调查数据共享西南地区    
Abstract

In this paper, not only the topographic maps of 1971 and 1981 but also the remote sensing images of 1981, 1990, 2001 and 2011 were used for investigating the land use change of reclaimed mud flats of Jiaojiang-Taizhou Estuary in the past 40 years or so. Based on the topographic maps and satellite images and supported by the GIS spatial analysis functions, the authors acquired the current land use status of five periods and the land use change matrix between each period of reclaimed mud flats. The remote sensing survey results showed that in the past 40 years or so the trend of reclaimed mud flats of Jiaojiang-Taizhou Estuary was totally exacerbated and the types of land use were gradually increased. From 1971 to 1990, the land use types of reclamation zone mostly were converted into cultivated fields, breeding farms and reclamation land. After 1990, the upsurge of developing the reclamation of mud flats appeared. The beach and the reclamation land were converted into other land use patterns, such as cultivated fields, residential land, port land, and breeding farms. From 2001 to 2011, 80.77% of the beach was converted into the reclamation land. The area of beach was reduced heavily. The expanding speed of reclamation of mud flats achieved the maximum in this period.

Key wordsGridGIS    geological survey    data sharing    Southwest China
收稿日期: 2014-08-27      出版日期: 2015-11-27
ZTFLH:  TP79  
基金资助:

浙江省地质环境监测院项目"浙江海洋经济示范区1:5万遥感解译"(编号:QSZB-WZDH-1210713DY)和浙江省重点科技创新团队项目"无人机数据自动纠正和匹配技术研究"(编号:2012R10039-14)共同资助。

通讯作者: 谢斌(1983-),男,讲师,主要从事遥感图像处理与GIS应用方面的研究。Email:xiebinbingdiao@gmail.com。     E-mail: xiebinbingdiao@gmail.com
作者简介: 张登荣(1966-),男,教授,主要从事遥感地质与GIS开发应用方面的研究。Email:zju_rs@126.com。
引用本文:   
张登荣, 许思莹, 谢斌, 吴文渊, 路海峰. 近40年椒江-台州湾滩涂围垦土地利用变化的遥感调查[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2016, 28(1): 101-106.
ZHANG Dengrong, XU Siying, XIE Bin, WU Wenyuan, LU Haifeng. Land use change of reclaimed mud flats in Jiaojiang-Taizhou Estuary in the past 40 years based on remote sensing technology. REMOTE SENSING FOR LAND & RESOURCES, 2016, 28(1): 101-106.
链接本文:  
http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.01.15      或      http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/Y2016/V28/I1/101

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