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国土资源遥感  2016, Vol. 28 Issue (1): 114-121    DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.01.17
  技术应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
采矿沉陷遥感调查与危害性研究
王海庆1,2, 聂洪峰1, 陈玲1, 荆青青1, 李梦薇2,3, 李晓阳2,4
1. 中国国土资源航空物探遥感中心, 北京 100083;
2. 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083;
3. 北京航天世景信息技术有限公司, 北京 100089;
4. 中国人民武装警察部队黄金部队, 烟台 264000
Remote sensing investigation of mining subsidence and harmfulness research
WANG Haiqing1,2, NIE Hongfeng1, CHEN Ling1, JING Qingqing1, LI Mengwei2,3, LI Xiaoyang2,4
1. China Aero Geophysical Survey and Remote Sensing Center for Land and Resources, Beijing 100083, China;
2. School of Earth and Resources, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China;
3. Beijing Space View Technology Co., Lta. Beijing 100089, China;
4. Gold Geological Party of CAPF, Yantai 264000, China
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摘要 

为了研究采矿沉陷危害,选择山东省济宁市东部煤矿矿集区为研究区,采用多期光学遥感数据与历史资料相结合的方法,辅以必要的现场调查和走访,进行采矿沉陷调查与危害性研究。结果表明:1研究区内采矿沉陷危害严重,截止到2013年,至少破坏了25.095 km2的土地,并造成24个村庄被迫搬迁; 2总体来说,研究区内采矿沉陷灾害发展迅速,从2009-2013年,采矿沉陷积水面积共增加4.747 km2,2013年相对于2009年的增长率为23.33%; 3就单个采矿沉陷来说,开始阶段来势猛、发展快、危害大;但快速发展之后,扩展的速度将逐步变缓,并逐渐过渡到自然平衡; 4光学遥感技术完全可以用于采矿沉陷调查和危害性研究,并且其宏观、廉价等特点较好地弥补了地面调查的不足。

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张琪
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关键词 月球矿物制图仪(M3)全约束线性分解Hapke模型虹湾矿物含量反演    
Abstract

In this paper, aimed at the study of the hazards caused by the mining subsidence using remote sensing images,according to the research objective,the coal mine ore concentration located in the east of Jining City, Shandong Province of China was chosen as the study area. Multi stage optical remote sensing images and historical data were used, and necessary field survey were supplemented also. The results show that:1The mining subsidence in the study area is very serious. By 2013, at least 25.095 km2 of land was destroyed, 24 villages were forced to move; 2In generally, mining subsidence developed rapidly in the study area. From 2009 to 2013, 4.747 km2 of mining subsidence water area was increased in total, and the growth rate was 23.33%; 3 For a single mining subsidence, it is fierce, fast development, great hazard in the beginning. But after the rapid development, the expansion rate will gradually slow down, and gradually transit to the natural balance; 4Optical remote sensing technique can be used to research and investigation of mining subsidence hazard, and the characteristics such as macroscopic and cheap could make up for the lack of ground survey.

Key wordsmoon mineralogy mapper (M3)    fully constrained linear-unmixing    Hapke model    Sinus Iridum    mineral abundance inversion
收稿日期: 2015-01-26      出版日期: 2015-11-27
ZTFLH:  TP79  
基金资助:

中国地质调查局地质调查项目"矿山环境综合调查与评价"(编号:1212011120027)和"山东省矿山环境调查与评价"(编号:1212011220073)共同资助。

作者简介: 王海庆(1980-),男,博士,高级工程师,主要从事遥感地质应用方面的研究。Email:whq0705@126.com。
引用本文:   
王海庆, 聂洪峰, 陈玲, 荆青青, 李梦薇, 李晓阳. 采矿沉陷遥感调查与危害性研究[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2016, 28(1): 114-121.
WANG Haiqing, NIE Hongfeng, CHEN Ling, JING Qingqing, LI Mengwei, LI Xiaoyang. Remote sensing investigation of mining subsidence and harmfulness research. REMOTE SENSING FOR LAND & RESOURCES, 2016, 28(1): 114-121.
链接本文:  
http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.01.17      或      http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/Y2016/V28/I1/114

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