Please wait a minute...
 
国土资源遥感  2016, Vol. 28 Issue (2): 132-138    DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.02.21
  技术应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于WorldView-2数据的乌东煤矿地质灾害遥感调查及成因分析
王瑞国
神华地质勘查有限责任公司, 北京 100085
Remote sensing investigation and analysis of geological disasters in the Wudong coal mine based on WorldView-2 data
WANG Ruiguo
Shenhua Geological Exploration Co.Ltd, Beijing 100085, China
全文: PDF(5165 KB)   HTML  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

乌东煤矿由采矿活动引发的地质灾害主要有地裂缝和地面塌陷。查清矿区地质灾害类型、规模和分布,分析地质灾害成因、危害程度和发展趋势,对煤矿绿色矿山建设和可持续发展至关重要。以WorldView-2数据为依据,在建立遥感解译标志基础上,采用遥感解译与野外验证相结合、人机交互解译与计算机自动信息提取相结合的方法,圈定了乌东煤矿由采矿活动引发的地质灾害点及其集中发育区,测量了地质灾害体的展布方向、几何参数和影响面积。经分析,乌东煤矿地裂缝和地面塌陷的特殊形态和分布特征主要是煤层赋存状况、井田开采工艺及煤层顶板管理方式、煤层顶底板岩土工程稳定性等因素共同作用的结果,从而为乌东煤矿相关部门进行地质灾害防治决策提供了依据。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
谭柳霞
曾永年
郑忠
关键词 遥感指数林火烈度Landsat影像    
Abstract

Geological disasters caused by mining activities in the Wudong coal mine are mainly ground crevice and ground collapse. Therefore, making a thorough investigation of the type, size and distribution of geological disasters in the mining area and analyzing the causes, damage degree and development trend of the geological disasters are very important for the green mine construction and sustainable development. With the WorldView-2 data as the basis, on the basis of the establishment of remote sensing interpretation keys, by using the methods of the combination of remote sensing interpretation and field verification and the combination of human-computer interactive interpretation and computer automatic information extraction, the author delineated the geological disasters points and centralized growth areas caused by mining activities in the Wudong coal mine, and. measured the distribution direction, geometric parameters and influenced area of the geological disaster bodies. An analysis shows that the special shape and distribution features of ground crevices and ground collapses in the Wudong coal mine result from the joint action of the coal seam condition, coal mining exploitation technology and coal seam roof management mode, geotechnical engineering stability of the seam roof and floor slate. The results obtained by the author provide the data basis for prevention and control of geological disasters by Wudong coal mine's relevant management department.

Key wordsremote sensing indice    fire severity    Landsat image
收稿日期: 2015-01-04      出版日期: 2016-04-14
ZTFLH:  TP79  
  X87  
  P694  
基金资助:

神华科技创新项目"神华矿区环境调查与环境治理综合研究一、二期工程"(编号: SHJT-11-17)资助。

作者简介: 王瑞国(1979-),男,高级工程师,主要从事遥感技术应用和矿区环境地质调查研究。Email: pourship@163.com。
引用本文:   
王瑞国. 基于WorldView-2数据的乌东煤矿地质灾害遥感调查及成因分析[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2016, 28(2): 132-138.
WANG Ruiguo. Remote sensing investigation and analysis of geological disasters in the Wudong coal mine based on WorldView-2 data. REMOTE SENSING FOR LAND & RESOURCES, 2016, 28(2): 132-138.
链接本文:  
http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.02.21      或      http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/Y2016/V28/I2/132

[1] 谢慧芬.遥感技术在地质灾害监测和治理中的应用[J].测绘与空间地理信息,2011,34(3):242-243. Xie H F.The application of remote sensing on geological disaster monitoring and management[J].Geomatics and Spatial Information Technology,2011,34(3):242-243.

[2] 欧阳华平,赖健清,张建国,等.遥感技术在煤矿开采区详细地质灾害调查中的应用[J].地质学刊,2010,34(2):183-186. Ouyang H P,Lai J Q,Zhang J G,et al.Application of remote sensing technology in detailed survey of geological hazards in coal mine areas[J].Journal of Geology,2010,34(2):183-186.

[3] 李年喜.遥感技术在地质灾害调查中的应用[J].西部资源,2011(5):49-50. Li N X.Application of remote sensing technology in geological hazard survey[J].Resources of Western,2011(5):49-50.

[4] 陈建明,孙卫东,于浩,等.WorldView-2数据在西昆仑库斯拉甫含煤盆地的应用与研究[J]. 新疆地质,2011,29(3):356- 358. Chen J M,Sun W D,Yu H,et al.The application and research of coal-bearing basins using WorldView-Ⅱon west of Kunlun mountain[J].Xinjiang Geology,2011,29(3):356-358.

[5] 杨敏,李健强,高婷,等.WorldView-2数据在地质调查中的应用[J].现代矿业,2012,518(6):35-37. Yang M,Li J Q,Gao T,et al.Application of WorldView-2 data in geological survey[J].Modern Mining,2012,518(6):35-37.

[6] 马利军.新疆乌东矿区八道湾向斜两翼瓦斯地质规律研究[J].中国煤炭地质,2011,23(7):33-35,68. Ma L J.A geological study on both limbs of Badaowan syncline,Urumqi eastern mining area,Xinjiang[J].Coal Geology of China,2011,23(7):33-5,68.

[7] 马利军,崔洪庆,贾晓亮.铁厂沟煤矿瓦斯地质规律研究[J].河南理工大学学报:自然科学版,2010,29(5):601-606. Ma L J,Cui H Q,Jia X L.Study on gas geology of Tiechanggou coal mine[J].Journal of Henan Polytechnic University:Natural Science,2010,29(5):601-606.

[8] 高永志,梁伟,初禹,等.GeoEye-1数据在鹤岗煤矿区遥感地质综合调查中的应用[J].黑龙江科技信息,2010(33):9. Gao Y Z,Liang W,Chu Y,et al.Application of GeoEye-1 data in a remote sensing geological comprehensive survey of Hegang coal mining area[J].Science and Technology Information of Heilongjiang,2010(33):9.

[9] 王逊,陈伟涛.遥感技术在黑龙江省矿山地质环境监测中的应用[J].安全与环境工程,2009,16(6):20-25. Wang X,Chen W T.Monitoring on geo-environment in mining districts using remote sensing technique in Heilongjiang Province [J].Safety and Environmental Engineering,2009,16(6):20-25.

[10] 王莉,贾琇明.遥感技术在太原西山煤田地质灾害调查中的应用[C]//遥感科技论坛暨中国遥感应用协会2006年年会论文集.太原:中国遥感应用协会,2006:333-337. Wang L,Jia X M.Application of remote sensing technology in geological hazard investigation in Taiyuan Xishan coalfield[C]//2006 Remote Sensing Science and Technology Forum,2006:333-337.

[11] 况顺达,赵震海.遥感技术在贵州矿山地质环境调查中的应用[J].中国矿业,2006,15(11):49-52. Kuang S D,Zhao Z H.The application of remote sensing technique to the investigation of the mine's geological environment in Guizhou Province[J].China Mining Magazine,2006,15(11):49-52.

[12] 高永志,初禹,梁伟.黑龙江省矿集区尾矿库遥感监测与分析[J].国土资源遥感,2015,27(1):160-163.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2015.01.25. Gao Y Z,Chu Y,Liang W.Remote sensing monitoring and analysis of tailings ponds in the ore concentration area of Heilongjiang Province[J].Remote Sensing for Land and Resources,2015,27(1):160-163.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2015.01.25.

[13] 路云阁,刘采,王姣.基于国产卫星数据的矿山遥感监测一体化解决方案——以西藏自治区为例[J].国土资源遥感,2014,26(4):85-90.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.04.14. Lu Y G,Liu C,Wang J.Integrated solutions for mine remote sensing monitoring based on domestic satellite images:A case study of Tibet[J].Remote Sensing for Land and Resources,2014,26(4):85-90.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.04.14.

[14] 刘志敏,李永生,张景发,等.基于SBAS-InSAR的长治矿区地表形变监测[J].国土资源遥感,2014,26(3):37-42.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.03.06. Liu Z M,Li Y S,Zhang J F,et al.An analysis of surface deformation in the Changzhi mining area using small baseline In SAR[J].Remote Sensing for Land and Resources,2014,26(3):37-42.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.03.06.

[15] 郭兆成,童立强,郑雄伟,等.四川芦山地震次生地质灾害遥感调查及灾害特征初探[J].国土资源遥感,2014,26(3):99-105.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.03.16. Guo Z C,Tong L Q,Zheng X W,et al.Remote sensing survey of secondary geological disasters triggered by Lushan earthquake in Sichuan Province and tentative discussion on disaster characteristics[J].Remote Sensing for Land and Resources,2014,26(3):99-105.doi:10.6046/gtzyyg.2014.03.16.

[1] 卢晶,张绪教,叶培盛,吴杭,王涛. 基于SI-MSAVI特征空间的河套灌区盐碱化遥感监测研究[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2020, 32(1): 169-175.
[2] 陈俊,沈润平,李博伦,遆超普,颜晓元,周旻悦,王绍武. 基于Logistic回归分析的塑料大棚遥感指数构建[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2019, 31(3): 43-50.
[3] 谭柳霞, 曾永年, 郑忠. 林火烈度遥感评估指数适应性分析[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2016, 28(2): 84-90.
[4] 张月, 肖彧, 常晶晶, 刘健, 王亚琼, 贺春燕, 何冰. 大气校正对基于遥感指数提取藻华信息的影响[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2015, 27(3): 7-12.
[5] 江振蓝, 沙晋明, 杨武年. 基于GIS的福州市生态环境遥感综合评价模型[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2004, 16(3): 46-48,60.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
京ICP备05055290号-2
版权所有 © 2015 《自然资源遥感》编辑部
地址:北京学院路31号中国国土资源航空物探遥感中心 邮编:100083
电话:010-62060291/62060292 E-mail:zrzyyg@163.com
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发