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国土资源遥感  2016, Vol. 28 Issue (2): 139-148    DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.02.22
  技术应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
GF-1图像在中印边境楚鲁松杰村地质灾害调查中的应用
张焜1,2, 李晓民1,2, 马世斌1,2, 刘世英1,2, 李生辉1,2
1. 青海省青藏高原北部地质过程与矿产资源重点实验室, 西宁 810012;
2. 青海省地质调查院, 西宁 810012
Application of GF-1 image to geological disaster survey in Cosibsumgy village on Sino-India border area
ZHANG Kun1,2, LI Xiaomin1,2, MA Shibin1,2, LIU Shiying1,2, LI Shenghui1,2
1. Qinghai Province North of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Geological Process and Mineral Resources Key Laboratories, Xining 810012, China;
2. Institute of Geological Survey of Qinghai Province, Xining 810012, China
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摘要 

为了解高分一号卫星(GF-1)图像的应用性能和查明中印边境楚鲁松杰村一带的地质灾害发育规律,利用DEM和GF-1图像对该地区的岩性、构造和地质灾害进行详细的遥感解译。研究结果表明,GF-1数据的融合图像对灾害体的微地貌形态反映较明显,能够用于识别地质灾害体的位置、边界范围等特征信息; 区内地质灾害类型主要为滑坡和寒冻风化碎屑流等,滑坡、崩塌、泥石流多发生在[25°,35°]坡度段内,而寒冻风化碎屑流的发生则与坡度的增大成正相关; 地质灾害运移方向与主构造线方向、基岩层面倾向基本一致。研究还揭示出该区内分布多级河流阶地,较大的垂直落差及丰富的第四系松散堆积物是地质灾害发育的重要因素。

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Abstract

Using data obtained from DEM and GF-1 Satellite(called GF-1) concerning lithological characteristics in Cosibsumgy village on Sino-India border area, the authors conducted detailed remote sensing interpretation of structures and geological disasters to understand the application performances of GF-1 and find out the patterns of geological disasters that have happened in this area. The results show that the fused image of GF-1 data appears to be evident for the micro morphology of the disasters. It can identify the locations and outlines of the geological disasters. Landslide and frost weathering debris flow are dominant in the geological disasters. The landslide, collapse and mudslide mostly occur in the gradients ranging [25°, 35°], whereas the frost weathering debris flow has positive correlation with the gradients. The migration directions of the geological disasters are basically consistent with the directions of the main tectonic lines and the tendency of the bedrocks. Meanwhile, the multilevel river terraces existing in the area and the huge vertical fall from Quaternary system are the main causes for geological disasters, as revealed in this study.

Key wordsship target discrimination    simple feature    complex feature    hierarchical description
收稿日期: 2014-10-24      出版日期: 2016-04-14
ZTFLH:  TP79  
基金资助:

中国地质调查局地质调查项目"西北边境地区国土资源遥感综合调查"(编号: 12120114090601)资助。

作者简介: 张焜(1973-),男,高级工程师,主要从事地质矿产遥感技术应用研究。Email: zhangkun0623@sina.com。
引用本文:   
张焜, 李晓民, 马世斌, 刘世英, 李生辉. GF-1图像在中印边境楚鲁松杰村地质灾害调查中的应用[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2016, 28(2): 139-148.
ZHANG Kun, LI Xiaomin, MA Shibin, LIU Shiying, LI Shenghui. Application of GF-1 image to geological disaster survey in Cosibsumgy village on Sino-India border area. REMOTE SENSING FOR LAND & RESOURCES, 2016, 28(2): 139-148.
链接本文:  
http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/10.6046/gtzyyg.2016.02.22      或      http://www.gtzyyg.com/CN/Y2016/V28/I2/139

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